Ganshu BL18:Nomenclature, Location, Function, Indication, Method

Ganshu is the place where the Qi of the liver is infused into the back.


Gan: Liver Shu:point
The point is the place where the Qi of the liver is infused into the back.
Point: BL18
Chinese Name: 肝俞
Name: Ganshu
English Name/Meaning: Liver Transporter
Pinyin: gān shū
Han Geul 한글: gan yu 간유
Romaji: kan yu
Vietnamese:Can du


1.5 cun lateral to the lower border of the spinous process of the 9th thoracic vertebra.

Functions of Ganshu:

  • Benefits liver and Gall bladder.
  • Cools damp heat.
  • Moves stagnation Qi.
  • Benefits the eyes.


  • Main point for hepatic diseases, such as jaundice, hypochondriac pain; 2. Red eyes, blurred vision, night blindness;
  • Hematemesis, epistaxis.
  • Dizziness, depression and psychosis, mania, epilepsy.


Puncture obliquely 0.5-1 cun.


Back-Shu Point of the Liver.


Deep perpendicular or needling in a wrong direction carries a substantial risk of causing a pneumothorax.


Dr. Ishwar Gyawali is Consultant Acupuncturist and Ayurveda Physician from Kathmandu, Nepal. He had completed BAMS (Bachelor of Ayurveda Medicine and Surgery), a five and half year course on Ayurveda Medicine from Kirtipur Campus affiliated to Tribhuvan University ,Institute Of Medicine, Nepal under scholarship in 2011. He had completed his MD in TCM from Nanjing University Of Chinese Medicine in 2016 under scholarship of Ministry of Education, Nepal. With an experience of Serving for Government of Nepal for 2 years and private practise for more than 5 years, he has sound knowledge in Ayurveda as well as Chinese Medicine. He is a registered Doctor in NAMC (Nepal Ayurveda Medical Council ) both as a physician as well as TCM/Acupuncture Specialist.

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