Liver Meridian

Ququan LR8 : Nomenclature, Location, Functions, Indications



Qu: crooked Quan: spring
Ququan is at the medial end of the transverse crease of the popliteal fossa. With the knee flexed, the local depression is like a spring.

Point: LR-8
Chinese Name: 曲泉
Pinyin: qū quán
English Name/Meaning: Spring at the crook
Han Geul 한글: gok cheon 곡천
Romaji: kyoku sen
Vietnamese: Khúc tuyền


Ququan is located 1 cun anterior to KI 10, just superior to the medial end of the popliteal crease, in the depression anterior to the tendons of m. semitendinosus and m. semimembranosus.


  • Benefits the bladder (urine retention, painful urination).
  • Clears damp heat in lower back (genital problems, genital herpes, leukorrhoea, urinary problems).
  • Relax sinew and invigorate channel (Knee pain).
  • Nourishes Blood and Yin.
  • Moves Qi locally.

Indications of Ququan:

  • He-sea point and water point.
    • Ququan is good for counterflow qi and diarrhea, the disease of the ST disorders resulting from irregular eating and drinking: diarrhea containing undigested food and diarrhea containing blood and pus.
    • Diseases of the skin: itching of the genitals.
    • On the lower limb, the yin he-sea points (SP 9, KI 10, LIV 8) all strongly drain dampness and damp-heat from the fu or extraordinary fu in the lower jiao, specifically the BL, intestines and uterus.
    • Resolve blood stasis in the uterus.
  • Liver disorders: hepatitis (tenderness on LIV 8).
  • Local disorders: knee pain, knee stiffness.


Perpendicular or slightly posterior insertion 1 to 1.5 cun.


  • He-sea point and water point.
  • Good for urinogenital problems.
  • Best point for damp heat on Liver channel.
  • Although emphasized by some practitioners as a point to tonify the Liver yin and blood, Ququan (mother) is primarily used to clear damp-heat from the lower jiao and to resolve blood stasis in the uterus.

Read about other points of Liver Meridian:

LR1-Dadun-大敦   LR2-Xingjian-行间    LR3-Taichong-太冲    LR4-Zhongfeng-中封    LR5-Ligou-蠡沟    LR6-Zhongdu-中都   LR7-Xiguan-膝关    LR9-Yinbao- 阴包   LR10-Zuwuli-足五里    LR11-Yinlian-阴廉    LR12-Jimai-急脉    LR13-Zhangmen-章门    LR14-Qimen-期门


Dr. Ishwar Gyawali is Consultant Acupuncturist and Ayurveda Physician from Kathmandu, Nepal. He had completed BAMS (Bachelor of Ayurveda Medicine and Surgery), a five and half year course on Ayurveda Medicine from Kirtipur Campus affiliated to Tribhuvan University ,Institute Of Medicine, Nepal under scholarship in 2011. He had completed his MD in TCM from Nanjing University Of Chinese Medicine in 2016 under scholarship of Ministry of Education, Nepal. With an experience of Serving for Government of Nepal for 2 years and private practise for more than 5 years, he has sound knowledge in Ayurveda as well as Chinese Medicine. He is a registered Doctor in NAMC (Nepal Ayurveda Medical Council ) both as a physician as well as TCM/Acupuncture Specialist.