Governor vessel

Renzhong GV26: : Nomenclature, Location, Functions, Method, Precaution



Also called as Shuigou.

Shui: water    Gou: groove

Renzhong is in the philtrum, which looks like a water groove.

English name/meaning : Water Trough
Chinese name: 人中
Chinese pinyin: Renzhong
Korean name: Sugu
Japanese name: Suiko
Vietnamese name: Nhan trung
French: Choe-keou


Renzhong is located at the junction of the upper 1/3 and lower 2/3 of the philtrum.


  • Returns consciousness (clears brain, revives coma, shock ).
  • Benefits lumbar spine.
  • Dispels wind pathogen.

Indications :

  • Renzhong is the main point to relieve shock in first aid. In absence of needle, the nail of a finger can be used to press the point, which may increase blood pressure and excite respiration, unconsciousness, syncope, psychosis, epilepsy, stroke, heat stroke, shock.
  • Facial paralysis, nasal obstruction, nosebleed, lockjaw;
  • Sprain lumbago


Puncture 0.3-0.5 cun upwards obliquely or pinch with a fingernail.


  • Meeting point of Governor vessel, Large intestine and Stomach Channel.
  • Ghost Point
  • Command point for Fainting and Collapse.
  • Main point for emergency treatment.


Moxibustion cannot be used at this point.


Dr. Ishwar Gyawali is Consultant Acupuncturist and Ayurveda Physician from Kathmandu, Nepal. He had completed BAMS (Bachelor of Ayurveda Medicine and Surgery), a five and half year course on Ayurveda Medicine from Kirtipur Campus affiliated to Tribhuvan University ,Institute Of Medicine, Nepal under scholarship in 2011. He had completed his MD in TCM from Nanjing University Of Chinese Medicine in 2016 under scholarship of Ministry of Education, Nepal. With an experience of Serving for Government of Nepal for 2 years and private practise for more than 5 years, he has sound knowledge in Ayurveda as well as Chinese Medicine. He is a registered Doctor in NAMC (Nepal Ayurveda Medical Council ) both as a physician as well as TCM/Acupuncture Specialist.

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