Gall Bladder Meridian

Shangguan GB3: Nomenclature, Location, Functions, Indications



Shang: upper Guan: border
Other names: Kezhuren
Guan refers to the zygomatic arch. Shangguan is at the upper margin of the zygomatic arch.
Point: GB-3
Chinese Name: 上关
Name: Shangguan
English Name/Meaning: Above the Joint
Pinyin: shàng guān
Han Geul 한글: sang gwan 상관/gaek ju in 객주인
Romaji: kyaku shu jin
Vietnamese: Thượng quan


In the front of the ear, on the upper border of the zygomatic arch, in the depression directly above ST7 (Xiaguan).

Functions of Shangguan:

  • Clears heat, invigorates collateral.
  • Opens orifice and benefits hearing.


Headache, Deafness, tinnitus, deviation of eye and mouth, toothache, depression, epilepsy.


Perpendicular insertion 0.3 to 0.5 cun.


Meeting point of Triple energizer, Stomach and Gallbladder.


  • Deep Needling should be avoided.
  • Avoid zygomaticoorbital artery and vein.


Dr. Ishwar Gyawali is Consultant Acupuncturist and Ayurveda Physician from Kathmandu, Nepal. He had completed BAMS (Bachelor of Ayurveda Medicine and Surgery), a five and half year course on Ayurveda Medicine from Kirtipur Campus affiliated to Tribhuvan University ,Institute Of Medicine, Nepal under scholarship in 2011. He had completed his MD in TCM from Nanjing University Of Chinese Medicine in 2016 under scholarship of Ministry of Education, Nepal. With an experience of Serving for Government of Nepal for 2 years and private practise for more than 5 years, he has sound knowledge in Ayurveda as well as Chinese Medicine. He is a registered Doctor in NAMC (Nepal Ayurveda Medical Council ) both as a physician as well as TCM/Acupuncture Specialist.