Conception Vessel

Xiawan CV10: Nomenclature, Location, Functions, Indications, Method, Precaution



Xia: a inferior Wan: stomach
Xiawan lies over the inferior portion of the stomach.
Point: CV10
Chinese Name:下脘
Name: Xiawan
Pinyin: xià wǎn [or xià guǎn]
English Name/Meaning: Lower Epigastrium
Han Geul 한글: ha wan 하완
Romaji: ge kan
Vietnamese:Hạ quản


On the anterior midline, 2 cun above the umbilicus.


  • Assists movement and transformation  in Stomach and Intestine. So helps in movement of food to duodenum.|
  • Links and harmonises lower and middle jiao by way of Conception Vessel.
  • Regulates and tonifies Stomach and Spleen qi. Encourages the descending of Stomach qi.
  • Transforms Damp. Clears digestive stagnation.


Good point for food stagnation (Excess type): abdominal fullness, epigastric pain, nausea and vomiting after eating, lack of appetite, and undigested food in the stools.


  • Insert perpendicularly 0.8 to 1.5 cun.
  • Caution: In thin patients deep needling may penetrate the peritoneal cavity.


  • Has effect on pancreatic enzyme.
  • Important point for gastric pain and diarrhea.
  • Crossing point with Spleen meridian


In thin patients deep needling may penetrate the peritoneal cavity.


Dr. Ishwar Gyawali is Consultant Acupuncturist and Ayurveda Physician from Kathmandu, Nepal. He had completed BAMS (Bachelor of Ayurveda Medicine and Surgery), a five and half year course on Ayurveda Medicine from Kirtipur Campus affiliated to Tribhuvan University ,Institute Of Medicine, Nepal under scholarship in 2011. He had completed his MD in TCM from Nanjing University Of Chinese Medicine in 2016 under scholarship of Ministry of Education, Nepal. With an experience of Serving for Government of Nepal for 2 years and private practise for more than 5 years, he has sound knowledge in Ayurveda as well as Chinese Medicine. He is a registered Doctor in NAMC (Nepal Ayurveda Medical Council ) both as a physician as well as TCM/Acupuncture Specialist.