Governor vessel

Xuanshu GV5: Nomenclature, Location, Functions, Indications, Method, Precaution

Xuanshu GV5
Xuanshu GV5


Xuan: suspended Shu: pivot
Xuanshu GV5 lies on the lower back. When lying supine, the local region suspends as a pivot for lumbar movement.
Point: GV5
Chinese Name: 悬枢
Name: Xuan shu
Pinyin: xuán shū
English Name/Meaning:Suspended Pivot
Han Geul 한글: hyeon chu 현추
Romaji: ken sū?
Vietnamese:Huyền khu


Below the spinous process of the first lumbar vertebra.


  • Tonifies spleen and harmonizes stomach.
  • Strengthens lumbar spine and knees.

Indications of Xuanshu:

Pain and stiffness of the lower back, diarrhea, indigestion.


Perpendicular insertion 0.5 to 1 cun.


  • Good point for lower back.
  • Good point for diarrhoea of undigested food.
  • Apply moxa for yang deficiency of digestive system


The spinal canal lies between 1.25 and 1.75 cun deep to the skin surface, varying according to body build.


Dr. Ishwar Gyawali is Consultant Acupuncturist and Ayurveda Physician from Kathmandu, Nepal. He had completed BAMS (Bachelor of Ayurveda Medicine and Surgery), a five and half year course on Ayurveda Medicine from Kirtipur Campus affiliated to Tribhuvan University ,Institute Of Medicine, Nepal under scholarship in 2011. He had completed his MD in TCM from Nanjing University Of Chinese Medicine in 2016 under scholarship of Ministry of Education, Nepal. With an experience of Serving for Government of Nepal for 2 years and private practise for more than 5 years, he has sound knowledge in Ayurveda as well as Chinese Medicine. He is a registered Doctor in NAMC (Nepal Ayurveda Medical Council ) both as a physician as well as TCM/Acupuncture Specialist.