Governor vessel

Yaoyangguan – GV3: Nomenclature, Location, Functions, Indication, Method



Yao: lower back         Yang: yang of yin-yang               Guan: Gear
The governor vessel is yang. Yaoyangguan pertains to it and is located in the turning zone of the lower back, like a gear for the lumbar joint.

English name/ meaning: Low back Yang pass
Chinese name: 要阳关
Chinese pinyin: Yaoyangguan
Korean name: Yo-yang-gwan
Japanese name: Koshi no Yokan
Vietnamese name: Du’o’ng quan
French: Lang-koann


On the posterior midline, in the depression below the spinous process of the 4th lumbar vertebra.


  • Warms Blood chamber (uterus) and Palace of Essence (semen).
  • Dispel cold damp in the lower back ( cold wind damp in the channel leading to back pain).
  • Supplement Kidney Yang (impotence, leg and back pain).


  • Yaoyangguan is good for lumbago, atrophy or paralysis in the lower extremities.
  • Also benefits reproductive problems like irregular menstruation, morbid leucorrhea, nocturnal emission, impotence.


Puncture obliquely upward 0.5-1.0 cun.


Moxibustion is recommended frequently at this point.


Dr. Ishwar Gyawali is Consultant Acupuncturist and Ayurveda Physician from Kathmandu, Nepal. He had completed BAMS (Bachelor of Ayurveda Medicine and Surgery), a five and half year course on Ayurveda Medicine from Kirtipur Campus affiliated to Tribhuvan University ,Institute Of Medicine, Nepal under scholarship in 2011. He had completed his MD in TCM from Nanjing University Of Chinese Medicine in 2016 under scholarship of Ministry of Education, Nepal. With an experience of Serving for Government of Nepal for 2 years and private practise for more than 5 years, he has sound knowledge in Ayurveda as well as Chinese Medicine. He is a registered Doctor in NAMC (Nepal Ayurveda Medical Council ) both as a physician as well as TCM/Acupuncture Specialist.