Stomach Meridian

Biguan ST31: Nomenclature, Location, Functions, Indications



Bi: thigh Guan: joint
Biguan is at the femoral joint.
Point: ST-31
Chinese Name: 髀关
Name: Biguan
English Name/Meaning: Thigh Gate
Pinyin: bì guān
Han Geul 한글: bi gwan 비관
Romaji: hi kan(?)
Vietnamese: Bễ quan


On the anterior side of thigh and on the line connecting the anterior superior iliac spine (asis) and the superior lateral corner of the patella, on the level of the depression lateral to sartorius muscle.

Functions of Biguan:

  • Warms channels and dissipates cold.
  • Courses wind and quickens connecting vessels.


Pain in the thigh, muscular atrophy, motor impairment, numbness and pain of the lower extremities.


Perpendicular or oblique insertion 1 to 2 cun.


Good for hips, joint problems, local pain, lumbar and iliac pain.


Dr. Ishwar Gyawali is Consultant Acupuncturist and Ayurveda Physician from Kathmandu, Nepal. He had completed BAMS (Bachelor of Ayurveda Medicine and Surgery), a five and half year course on Ayurveda Medicine from Kirtipur Campus affiliated to Tribhuvan University ,Institute Of Medicine, Nepal under scholarship in 2011. He had completed his MD in TCM from Nanjing University Of Chinese Medicine in 2016 under scholarship of Ministry of Education, Nepal. With an experience of Serving for Government of Nepal for 2 years and private practise for more than 5 years, he has sound knowledge in Ayurveda as well as Chinese Medicine. He is a registered Doctor in NAMC (Nepal Ayurveda Medical Council ) both as a physician as well as TCM/Acupuncture Specialist.

One thought on “Biguan ST31: Nomenclature, Location, Functions, Indications

Comments are closed.