Spleen Meridian

Shangqiu SP5 : Nomenclature, Location, Functions, Indications



Shang: one of the five sounds, pertaining to metal; Qiu: hills
Shangqiu is a jing-river point of the spleen meridian and pertains to metal. The point is below the medial mallelous, which looks like a hill.

Point: SP-5
Chinese Name: 商丘
English Name/Meaning: Shang Mound
Pinyin: shāng qiū
Han Geul 한글: sang gu 상구
Romaji: shō kyū
Vietnamese: Thương khâu


On the medial side of the ankle, in the depression which lies at the junction of straight lines drawn along the anterior and inferior borders of the medial malleolus.

Functions and Indications of shangqiu:

Shangqiu tonifies spleen and removes dampness so is beneficial for abdominal distension, constipation, diarrhea, borborygmus.
Relieves pain so is beneficial for local disorders like pain in the foot and ankle.


Perpendicular insertion 0.2 to 0.3 cun.
Transverse insertion beneath the tendons towards, or to join with, ST41.


Jing-river point.
Son ( Reducing ) point.
Good for edema.
Good for soft tissue around the ankle.


Dr. Ishwar Gyawali is Consultant Acupuncturist and Ayurveda Physician from Kathmandu, Nepal. He had completed BAMS (Bachelor of Ayurveda Medicine and Surgery), a five and half year course on Ayurveda Medicine from Kirtipur Campus affiliated to Tribhuvan University ,Institute Of Medicine, Nepal under scholarship in 2011. He had completed his MD in TCM from Nanjing University Of Chinese Medicine in 2016 under scholarship of Ministry of Education, Nepal. With an experience of Serving for Government of Nepal for 2 years and private practise for more than 5 years, he has sound knowledge in Ayurveda as well as Chinese Medicine. He is a registered Doctor in NAMC (Nepal Ayurveda Medical Council ) both as a physician as well as TCM/Acupuncture Specialist.